When discussing the legality of CBD oil, many terms are thrown around. Words like cannabis, hemp, and THC are frequently used to determine whether a CBD oil or other product is legal to consume and purchase. But why is this important? Cannabidiol products must all have the same appearance and flavour, right? No, not quite. In this article, we will discuss the various types of cannabis, what makes cannabis products legal, and where CBD is legal.
Let Us Discuss Cannabis
Most countries prohibit the use of cannabis with a high concentration of THC for recreational purposes. Nonetheless, many countries have implemented a decriminalisation policy, making simple possession a non-criminal offence. Others face far harsher penalties. For example, in some Asian countries, possession of cannabis is not only illegal, but can result in years in prison. Possession of even small amounts can result in harsher penalties in most Middle Eastern countries.
In the United States, for example, legal status varies by state. The 2018 Farm Bill made hemp cultivation officially legal on a federal level. This year’s Farm Bill allowed many farmers to grow a specific type of cannabis plant used in the production of cannabidiol products. The compound, known as hemp-derived, is widely used in the United States in the production of CBD oil, which is primarily used as a partial treatment for a variety of medical conditions. There are also numerous organisations across the country that support and advocate for the safe use of cannabis.
Which countries have legalised CBD?
CBD oil is available in Austria.
CBD oil is legal to buy in Austria as long as it is not marketed as a food supplement or medication and has a maximum THC content of 0.3%8. This THC content is higher than the general 0.2% suggested by the EU, but there is movement in the EU to raise the threshold to 0.3% throughout the European Union.
Bulgaria became the first EU country to allow the free sale of hemp-derived cannabidiol9. As long as the THC content is less than 0.2%, CBD oil is legal and easy to obtain in Bulgaria.
Furthermore, the parliament has approved proposals to raise the THC limits in CBD products from 0.2% to 0.3%. The final decision on this (the presence of THC in CBD products) is still pending.
Both hemp and marijuana are legal for medical and recreational use in the United States, according to the Cannabis Act, also known as Bill C-45, which went into effect on October 17, 2018. Cannabis and hemp cultivation are also legal in Canada.
This means that any CBD product, regardless of THC content, is completely legal in Canada. CBD products can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription online or in dispensaries.
The island of Cyprus
Cyprus follows EU regulations and allows hemp cultivation.
10 As a result, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development, and Environment, the production and marketing of Cannabis sativa (whole plants, parts of plants, or seeds) with THC levels less than 0.2% are legal.
Furthermore, as of December 2016, the Pharmaceutical Services of Cyprus’s Ministry of Health classified CBD as a medicinal product. As a result, all CBD products sold in Cyprus must be submitted to pharmaceutical services for testing.
CBD is legal in Denmark.
CBD oil is legal to purchase in Denmark, as it is in the rest of the EU, if it contains less than 0.2% THC. Nonetheless, a continuing debate12 from Danish authorities keeps cannabis users in the dark. They argue that because of cannabidiol’s healing properties, it should be classified as a medicine and obtained with a prescription. There is one exception: topical CBD products like creams and lip balm are perfectly legal to buy and do not require a medical prescription. Nonetheless, people continue to buy cannabidiol online.